Sant Ravi Das Nagar
Sant Ravidas Nagar district or Bhadohi district is a district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The district is headquartered in Gyanpur. Earlier it was in Varanasi district. Bhadohi district is situated between Allahabad and Varanasi. This district touches the boundaries of Allahabad, Jaunpur, Varanasi, Mirzapur. The carpet industry here is world famous and the second major source of employment after agriculture.
On the geographical map of India, this district extends from 25.09 latitude northern to 25.32 northern latitude and 82.45 longitude eastern in the central Ganges Valley. The district has a population of 1578213 with an area of 1056 sq km. Gyanpur Aurai, Bhadohi is the Digh, Amoli, Suriawan, Gyanpur Aurai and Bhadohi development block offices under three tehsil headquarters.
Together with Handia and Pratappur Assembly constituencies of Allahabad, this district has 3 assembly constituencies Gyanpur Aurai and Bhadohi. This district is situated in the Gangetic plains. Its southern boundary is the Ganges River. Jaunpur is situated in the north of the district, Varanasi and Mirzapur in the east, Allahabad in the south and west. The most famous Ganges Ghat is the Rampur Ghat. The density of the district is 1055.99 km². Natural areas like Konia region, surrounded by all directions from the Ganges river, fall in this district. Baba Harihar Nath Temple (Gyanpur), Sita Samhith Sthal (Sitamarhi), Baba Gangeswaranath Dham (Ithara), etc. are the main temples here.
The place derives its name from the "Bhar Rajya" of the region that made Bhadohi its capital. There are many male and old tanks named after the rulers of the "State of India". During Akbar's rule, Bhadohi was made a master and included in the rule of Allahabad.By the fifteenth century the "Bhar" was defeated by the Monas Rajputs along with Sagar Rai, and his grandson, Jodharaya, obtained it as a zamindar sanad (task) from the Mughal emperor Shah-i-Jahan.However due to the payment of arrears of land revenue around 1750 AD, Raja Pratap Singh of Pratapgarh gave the complete pargana to Balwant Singh of Banaras in return for payment of arrears.In 1911, Bhadohi was incorporated under the newly appointed princely state of Benares, ruled by Maharaja Prabhu Narayan Singh.Bhadohi was created on June 30, 1994 as the 65th district of the state. It was a part of Varanasi district before it was formed.
This district was born on 30 June 1949 as the 65th district of Uttar Pradesh under the name of Bhadohi. But later Mayawati government named it Sant Ravidas Nagar. Then on 06 December 2014, Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav has renamed Bhadohi. This district is famous in the world as "Carpet City". It is counted among the smallest district of Uttar Pradesh.
The main occupation of this district is carpet. Written evidence of the carpet industry starts from Ain-e-Akbari, a 16th-century work. By the way, the history of carpet industry is about 5000 years old. The first carpet was built by the Egyptians around 3000 BC. The Egyptians were well-versed in weaving art. From there, this art reached Persia but due to Arab culture its development was interrupted. The 'Arabian Nights' stories, composed during the time of the Abbasid Caliphs, mention the flying of carpets with jinn.
Aaron-ul-Rashid mentioned in these stories was actually the Khalifa who is credited with ending a Chhatra dominion of the Arabs. The Abbasid Caliphate was followed by decentralization of the Islamic Empire and the rise of the Turkish and Islamic states. The Mughal state was also one of them. The art of carpeting came from Persia to India with the Mughals. The Mughals chose Kashmir as a suitable place for this art, from where they reached Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Punjab.
In 1580, Mughal Emperor Akbar invited some carpet weavers from Persia to his court. These weavers presented the carpets of Kasan, Ifshan and Herati specimens to Akbar. Akbar was very impressed with these carpets and opened carpet weaving training and product centers in Agra, Delhi and Lahore. After this, a team of weavers from Agra proceeded towards Bengal via GT Road.
For night rest, this plow stopped at Ghosia-Madhosingh. This team tried to make carpet on stopping here. Carpet weaving was facilitated through local rulers and weavers. Gradually Bhadohi's weavers became skilled in this task. They roamed around the princely states and sold carpets and collected money. The merchants of the East India Company were greatly influenced by the art of carpet making. He considered it his responsibility to destroy other handicrafts but did not hand over the handicrafts, seeing the quality of the carpet and its European market value. In 1851, the East India Company placed the carpets made here at the World Exhibition which was considered the best.
There are 6 main producers of carpet in the international market - Iran, China, India, Pakistan, Nepal, Turkey. Ninety percent of netted carpet exports are from Iran, China, India and Nepal, with Iran 30 percent, India 20 percent and Nepal 10 percent. 95 percent of carpet exports go to Europe and America. Germany alone imports 40 percent of the carpet. The amazing thing about the manufacture of carpets of Bhadohi is that the raw material of this industry is not produced here. Availability of skilled labor is the biggest weapon. On whose strength Bhadohi has made his mark in the world market.
सीता समाहित स्थल (सीतामढ़ी)
सीता समाहित स्थल (सीतामढ़ी) मंदिर संत रविदास नगर जिला में स्थित है। यह मंदिर इलाहबाद और वाराणसी के मध्य स्थित जंगीगंज बाज़ार से ११ किलोमीटर गंगा के किनारे स्थित है। मान्यता है कि इस स्थान पर माँ सीता से अपने आप को धरती में समाहित कर लिया था। यहाँ पर हनुमानजी की ११० फीट ऊँची मूर्ति है जिसे विश्व की सबसे बड़ी हनुमान जी की मूर्ति होने का गौरव प्राप्त है। स्वामी जितेंद्रानंद जी के असीम प्रयास से और श्री प्रकाश नारायण पुंज की मदद से ये स्थान पर्यटक स्थल के रूप में उभर कर आया है।