Firozabad

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Firozabad is a city in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is the centre of India's glassmaking industry and is known for the quality of the bangles produced there.Firozabad is located in north central India, in western Uttar Pradesh state, 40 km away from Agra and around 240 km away from Delhi, at the northern edge of the Deccan Plateau, at 27°09’N 78°24’E? / ?27.15°N 78.4°E? / 27.15; 78.4. The height above sea level is 164 meters (540 ft).

Firozabad Railway Station,Uttar Pradesh.

 

Glass Artwares, Glass artware like toys, candle-stands, crosses, Christmas trees, different fruits, mini-trees, images of birds, animals, personalities, Gods and Goddesses are made here for Indian as well as foreign markets.

Firozabad glass industry for the last two centuries has been involved in manufacturing drinking glasses, beer glasses, wine glasses, dinner sets consisting of bowls, plates, lemon-sets, pudding sets, etc. in attractive cuttings, charming designs.

Glass Chandeliers: Since the Mughal period, Firozabad has been producing different shapes and shades of magnificent hanging chandeliers. Many innovative designs have been added to suit different tastes.

Glass Marriagewares: Bangles, Kangans and karas are made here since ancient period as traditional Indian woman wadrobe accessory. Bangles made here are distributed throughout India. Bangles don’t get that much opportunity in the international market, since it is a traditional Indian accessory. But still due to globalisation the market for bangles is expanding internationally

The city of Firozabad in Uttar Pradesh is an ancient one and you must have heard of it being referred to as the “Glass City of India”. This unique name of the city comes from its beautiful bangles, crafts, tableware and other exquisite items made of glass, which are popular throughout India. Even tourists from abroad appreciate the painstakingly designed and crafted glass works created in this city.

Bangle Industry in Firozabad, Uttar Pradesh.

 

This industry is an old one and has been there from the time of the Mughal Empire. In olden days, invaders brought many glass items to this city. When these were rejected and disposed of, the items were collected and melted in a locally manufactured furnace known as “Bhainsa Bhatti”. This was the beginning of the glass industry in Firozabad. The rejected items were melted to create bangles and small bottles. With time, phials for scents, cosmetic products and other items also began to be manufactured and even exported. A large number of bangles, kadas and kangans began to be made for suhagins (married women). Since 1989, various colors and shades are being used for creating chandeliers and other glass products. At present, around 400 glass industries are registered in this city.

Land and other natural resources also make Firozabad a cultivable area. The place has a cultivable area of around 2874.20 sq. kms which is used for growing principal crops. Dumat, Matiyaar, Pillia and Bhur are the four main soil types. Dams, canals (152.38/420 km.), tubewells, borewells and dugwells are the major sources of irrigation. River Yamuna and its tributaries drain the entire region. As of 2004, ground water resource was 70536.72 ham. Rice, barley, wheat, maize, jowar and bajra are the main crops cultivated here.

Chhadami lal jain mandir in Firozabad, Uttar Pradesh.

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